The action of the drug is aimed at slowing down the enzymatic reactions by its molecules, due to the bactericidal effect. In this case, in bacteria, DNA synthesis is disrupted, their growth and reproductive capacity ceases. The drug effectively affects gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, which makes it indispensable in the treatment of diseases:
Interaction of alcohol and ciprofloxacin
Simultaneous intake of alcohol and ciprofloxacin, in addition to reducing the effect of the drug, provokes severe manifestations of adverse reactions. Its combination with alcohol enhances hepatotoxicity, which leads to structural disorders in the liver. Interacting with alcohol, ciprofloxacin helps slow down the processes of ethanol splitting, which accumulates, poisons the body with carcinogens.
The most perceptible impact from taking an antibiotic with alcohol falls on the nervous system, the results of which are manifested: hallucinations; depression, psychotic conditions: fainting and tremor; nightmarish dreams; thrombosis of cerebral arteries.
When ciprofloxacin is used with ethanol, chemical reactions occur in the patient’s body, depressing properties and the action of the drug. Under the influence of alcohol, the activity of enzymes changes, which leads to a disruption of the habitual metabolism of the antibiotic. In patients with alcohol dependence to the effect of the drug, tolerance is developed, so further treatment with ciprofloxacin becomes meaningless.
The main distinguishing feature of fluoroquinolones is the penetration ability of the drug through the blood-brain barrier. Getting into the brain tissue, they provoke oppression of their activity due to changes under the influence of alcohol biochemical processes.
When ethanol is digested in the digestive organs, the body stimulates the production of a protective enzyme that promotes the excretion of metabolic products from it. Antibiotics begin to block the synthesis of this enzyme, which, in turn, provokes the accumulation of acetaldehyde. As a result, a disulfiram-like reaction that manifests itself:
- a drop in blood pressure;
- vomiting and suffocation.
In case of detection of external manifestations with the combination of ciprofsacin and alcohol, especially from the nervous system, you should immediately stop using alcohol.
However, the manifestations of alcohol intoxication are usually observed in the patient for several more days, due to the slow decay of ethanol in the weakened antibiotic organism.
For each organism the mixing of Ciprofloxacin with alcohol is individual. The most innocuous when a drug is combined with alcohol is a quick intoxication. Alcohol not only significantly reduces the effect of the drug, but sometimes it does not have any effect, reducing it to zero.
Important! Taking ciprofloxacin together with alcohol, it is important not to forget that the drug in the blood will not be contained in the right quantities. Under the influence of alcohol it can not act on microorganisms properly and will not have the expected therapeutic effect, since it will not reach maximum concentration.
The danger lies in the toxicity of the antibiotic, which creates a heavy load on the organs, especially the liver. Mixing alcohol and antibiotics increases the side reactions of the body and provokes new ones.
Due to the difficult and slow withdrawal of alcohol and antibiotic from the body, the excretory system of the body fails, which can cause kidney failure.
Ciprofloxacin irritatively acts on the stomach, sucking and dissolving in its walls. The production of gastric juice increases, provoking nausea and vomiting, accompanied by severe pain. The first signal to this may be the appearance of heartburn.
The nervous system bears the greatest impact from the mixing of alcohol and ciprofloxacin. Ethyl alcohol and without additional drugs have an extremely negative effect on the mental state. In combination with an antibiotic, the effect is amplified several times. Depressive state, migraine and irritability – only the underwater part of the iceberg. Taking alcohol with an antibiotic can cause hallucinations and tremors of the extremities, and an overdose is fraught with irreversible consequences: oxygen starvation of the brain and heart failure.
Attention! Ciprofloxacin and ethyl alcohol are equally metabolized in the liver and, as a consequence, are excreted by the kidneys. Therefore, the main impact on the detoxification of substances, when mixed, comes to these vital systems.
When can I drink alcohol after taking Ciprofloxacin?
Each organism is individual. Therefore, it is impossible to name a specific day of alcohol intake after a course of taking Ciprofloxacin, which lasts on average from three to ten days. However, definitely, after the last intake of the drug should take at least two days.
But this is not a medical recommendation, but only an allowable interval. After a course of antibiotics, all body systems need time and energy to restore and remove the products of the disintegration of ciprofloxacin. After complete recovery and normalization of the functions of all vital systems of the body, you can without fear, in moderate quantities, drink alcohol.